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Timeline before 1500



6th - 5th millennium BC - Neolithic occupation at the site of San Pedro de Canaferrim in southeastern slope Moorish Castle.
4th-3rd Millennium BC - occupation of the Late Neolithic / Chalcolithic village of Sintra. Site Epipaleolítico / Middle Chalcolithic / Final Chalcolithic / Bronze Age (1450 BC) of the Penha Verde.
4th to 3rd Millennium BC - vestiges of a Chalcolithic settlement (section of wall in the Penha Verde), the site of the megaliths Monk and Adro Nunes.
2nd - 1st millennium BC - occupation dating from the period of the Bronze Age Atlantic Picnic Park.
Centuries 10-8 BC - occupation of the Late Bronze Age of the Moorish Castle. Bronze Age deposits of the Monte Sereno.
Century 2 BC-6 AD - Roman occupation and late-Roman town of Sintra.
4-5 century AD - vestiges of the Roman occupation (artifacts of bronze, copper, ceramic fragments and coins near the village). These traces, though unambiguous and readily datable, due to its dispersed nature have been doubted the existence of an actual Roman presence.
713 - The Islamist Muslims, headed by Ziad Tarik well, win the region of Sintra.
Century 7/8 - Probable construction of the chapel of St. Peter.
844 - The Lisbon and Sintra is assaulted by the Normans.
870 - Fernando Magno takes Sintra, but quickly loses it.
Century 8/9 - Probable construction of the castle by the Moors.
Century 10 - First reference to a residence or Alcácer mayors Moors in Sintra made by the Arab geographer Al-Bacr.
949 - Ordonho III Sintra has for some time.
1031 - After losing Cordoba, Badajoz law Moorish opted to deliver Alfonso VI of León and Castile, some Muslims peninsular territories, including Sintra; turned losing Castle.
1093 - Motawakkil, King of Badajoz, Sintra delivery to Alfonso VI, King of Leon, in exchange for protection against the Almoravids.
Century 12 - Probable construction of the castle Necklaces, with the aim of defending the village of Colares.
Century 12 - Probable foundation of the church, on the site of an ancient mosque, on the initiative of D. Afonso Henriques, following the seizure of Moorish Castle, San Pedro de Canaferrim have been the first church of Sintra, which was built within the walls of the castle, being the parish seat in the second half of the century.
1108 - The castle of Sintra is sacked by Prince Norwegian Sigurd.
1109 - Earl D. Henry conquers the castle of Sintra.
1147 - After the conquest of Lisbon and Sintra by D. Afonso Henriques, the population of the castle "surrendered" voluntarily to Christians; D. Afonso Henriques then entrusted the custody of the castle "30 settlers" and granted them privileges through letter Foral.
1147 - D. Afonso Henriques conquest Sintra and creates four parishes, membership of the royal patronage, one of Santa Maria; construction of the first church of small dimensions, called the Field Arrabalde.
1147 - Reference to the capabilities of the source of Santa Eufemia crossed by Osberno.
Century 12, 2nd half - the chapel of St. Peter became the parish seat.
1152 - D. Afonso Henriques donates the "domus prefactas" Sintra D. Gualdim Pais, Master of the Knights Templar
1154-09 January - D. Afonso Henriques grants charter to Sintra. The main purpose of this charter was to provide this space garrison which, by its geographical position, it proved important for the defense and maintenance of the conquest of the territory.
1154 - Incremented the peopling of the interior of the castle.
1156/1157 - D. Afonso Henriques donated to the Order of the Temple some houses in Sintra and more properties in the region.
1186 - Pope Urban III confirms that the spaces are part of the assets of the Order, later occupied by Queen Isabel.
1189 - D. Sancho I confirmed the charter of Sintra.
Century 12 - Foundation of the primitive chapel by D. Pero Paes, Ensign-Mor D. Afonso Henriques, son of D. Palo Soares and D. Flame Gomes, D. Afonso Henriques donated the chapel of Peninha, Necklaces and land in Malvern, D. Pero Paes.
1191 - D. I donate to Sancho Pero Pais the hermitage of San Saturnino and Cella Necklaces (Milides).
Century 12/13 - D. Sancho I remodeled the castle; works in the chapel, running the capitals.
Century 13 - Rebuilding the existing sanctuary near the source.
Century 13 - There was a hospital in this location in Sintra. Currently Mercy Hospital
1241 - St Michael was attached to Santa Maria and D. Sancho II padroados gave the church of Saint Martin and Saint Peter Bishop and fitted to the Lisbon Cathedral, raising great rivalries between the priors of the four parishes, because the rights of authority.
1253 - Statement by a committee of ecclesiastical dignitaries arbitration to end the dispute.
1253 - The "Treslado the Lemite, and demarcation of the Churches of Villa de Cintra," the vast territory Sintrão demarcates the boundaries of four parishes: St. Peter, St. Martin, St. Mary and St. Michael.
1254 - Established the Collegiate Church of Santa Maria, by prior Lawrence Anes.
1255 - D. Afonso III grant letter from the court reguengo Colares the Pedro Miguel and his wife.
1261-1325 - D. Dinis promotes work of upgrading and extending the citadel of Sintra (the "mea Palacia Oliua"). Construction of the Gothic chapel.
1281 - "El Rey as per Letter sent to their moors liners Necklaces lhy that give the room", and established the requirement that they ensure, also, for the conservation of the royal palaces of Olive,
1281 - D. Dinis ordered restructuring works, ordering the Moors liners Necklaces almedinas the renewal of the old castle towers and housetops, the royal houses including "mea palatia olive" (the Ground Oliva was the center of Sintra) locating the real room to N., in the highest, next to the chapel.
1283 - John Soares Alão is presented as prior of St. Michaelis Church.
1283 - St. ordered statutes and granted to the Church of Saint Martin de Sintra, attesting to the foundation thereof.
1287 - D. Diniz donates to Sintra to Queen Isabel of Aragon, getting to belong since that date, the Queen's House, except for short periods, the palace of Sintra turns into summer residence and is now a preferred destination of the Portuguese court.
1247 - Reform of the Parish Church of Santa Maria de Sintra, on the initiative of the prior Martim Dade.
Century 13, the last quarter - The prior Martim Dade orders to demolish the church of Santa Maria early and build a larger church.
Century 14 - There was a small Romanesque chapel dedicated to Our Lady of the Rock, where the priors of Santa Maria de Sintra would officiate Mass every Saturday in order of D. John I (Letter of August 8, 1387).
Century 14 - Construction of the apse of the Gothic parish church of San Miguel, which is observed today.
Century 14 - Following the plague epidemics that hit the whole kingdom, there is great activity in the Mercy Hospital and also great controversy as to the income of the same, from the taxes collected from the population by the same is intended to new Municipality of Cascais, highlighted, in 1364, the Sintra.
1306 - Approval of the statutes of the Church of St. Martin.
1307 - Have you checked burials in the church of St. Martin, which is attested by the tombstone of Margaret Fernandes.
1334 - It abolished by D. Afonso IV, the 'anadaria the muleteers' in Sintra.
1336 - The Palace is repaid by the Order of Christ.
1336 - D. Afonso IV granted the patronage of the church of San Miguel to fit the Lisbon Cathedral.
1345 - A deed done in the name of Queen Beatrice, wife of D. Afonso IV, determines the new ownership of the Palace by the Crown in the properties including the House of Queens, in exchange for Ega and Tower Murta.
1347 - Some friars of the Convent of the Trinity Lisbon settle in the Sintra hills, occupying the Chapel of Santo Amaro and some caves, existing inside the fence of the existing convent. Among these friars were counted Fr Álvaro de Castro, son of the 1st Earl of Arraiolos, 1st Constable of the Kingdom, and brother of Inês de Castro, Friar John of Évora, confessor of King John I and future Bishop of Viseu and Lisbon Friar John, confessor of Queen Leonor.
1348 - Sintra is plagued by an outbreak of plague that causes great slaughter.
1350 - A document states that some of the deceased as a result of the plague epidemic of 1348 bequeathed his property to the church of St. Martin, and other document mentions the impossibility of keeping the temple lamps burning due to the rising price of oil.
1355 - Friar Vasco Martins founded a hermitage in place of "Pera Long", currently Penha Longa.
1369 - First documented reference to the source of Pipa now under the name Fountain of Bica, and which reads that John Anes lived next to this.
1370 - Document Tombo of Mercy, which refers to the provider's hospital of Sintra resided near the Fonte da Pipa.
1371 - Officials at Hospital de Sintra meet with counterparts in Cascais, to end controversies and disagreements.
1373 - Bull of Gregory XI founding the Order of St. Jerome.
1374 - Fixed up in a community Arrabalde anchorite from the Convent of the Trinity Lisbon.
1375 - D. Ferdinand I, on the advice of John Annes de Almada, Seer Farm, Castle build it.
1383 - It was still well fortified castle, with its governor D. Henrique Manuel de Vilhena; progressively loses its military importance.
1385-4 Dec - D. John I donated the Palace of the Count of Vila Seia, Henrique Manuel de Vilhena, who, in the context of the revolution of 1383-1385, taking advantage of D. Leonor Teles, so Sintra surrenders without a fight.
1386 - Confiscated goods Earl, the Palace of Sintra returned to the possession of the crown. D. John I begins an important series of works in the Royal Palace, which are notable (under the guidance of master João Garcia de Toledo) today called for the construction of the "Johannine wing." Back to the possession of the Crown and will be established as the Royal Palace.
1389 - Boniface IX issues a bull establishing the Order of St. Jerome in Portugal, separated from the Spanish Province.
1390 - The addition of community hermits led to the need to purchase the fifth Penha Longa formed by vacant land with houses, watermills, vineyards, orchards and woods, but given the poverty of them resorted to the Crown, and D. John I purchased the property for 3,500 pounds (deed dated 5 August) and made donations to the hermits.
1400 - D. John I do erect the Convent of the Holy Trinity, in Arrabalde Sintra, under the protection of his confessor, Fray Sebastian de Meneses.
1400 - Foundation of the Monastery of Jeronimo Convento da Penha Longa
1400, April 1 - Bull of Pope Boniface IX authorizing the canonical and legal foundation of the monastery jerónimo Penha Longa, which became the first home and headquarters of this Order in Portugal, naming his Prior Frei João Fernando
Century 14/15 - The installation in the area of the old village of Sintra, led to the slow abandonment of the castle
Century 14, the end / sec. 15, beginning - important campaign works in the Royal Palace responsible for so-called "wing Johannine" with 3 cores: the 1st organized around a courtyard, formed by the Great Room or the Infants (future Hall of Swans), followed by room of Pegas, intermediate classrooms (D. Sebastian, Mermaid, Caesar), the Arab Room, Guest Room, kitchen and chapel, the 2nd core of Mecca House (House of D. Afonso V) and 3rd-facing Terreiro of Mecca, with high inputs leaked on the wall: this set will be described by D. Duarte, the Southeast were located services and stables; works are attributable to John Garcia Toledo.
Century 15-Sintra elected as vacation spot for nobility and dignitaries of the kingdom.
Century 15 - Season probable construction of the chapel, which was part of Gafaria Sintra.
Century 15 - Rebuilding and construction of the convent by D. Isabel, Duchess of Burgundy; D. I John offers several grants for the construction of the monastery of Penha Longa.
Century 15 - The church of Santa Maria belonged to the House of Queens (from Isabel, wife of King Afonso V), being donated by the King with the Order of Christ institution of knighthood and became the pastors vicars, and the 1st Friar Pedro (until 1506).
Century 15, the middle - the church of San Pedro de Penaferrim still remained open for worship, being datable this era frescoes that adorned the chapel and an image of the patron saint of stone Ançã (which currently is kept in the church of St. Peter of Penaferrim).
1409, September 1 - agreement between the senates of Sintra and Cascais for joint administration of the goods of the Leper Hospital of St Peter and gafos of Penaferrim in Sintra.
1410 - Letter from D. regia John I granting privileges to the foundation of a convent of religious of the Order of the Holy Trinity in Sintra.
1410 Or 1416 - Foundation of the convent of Penha Longa per share of King John I or Br Sebastião de Meneses, where there was already a chapel with the invocation of Santo Amaro.
1413 - D. John I get in the Hall of Infants its Palace of Sintra, the "spies" had sent to Ceuta defensive observe conditions that North African city.
1415 - D. John I meet here with the Ambassadors sent to Sicily, with a mission to investigate on the possible conquest of the city and Ceuta.
1426 - D. John writes his will in Sintra.
1423 - Letter from D. John I exempting the monastery of Penha Longa payment of transfer tax and tithe, confirmed by D. Afonso V in 1439 they donated estates worth 500 crowns.
1427 - The patronage of the church of Santa Maria passed into the hands of Gil Lawrence, master of the chapel of D. Duarte.
1429 - Marriage of Isabel of Portugal, daughter of D. John, with Philip the Good of Bologna, held in Sintra, Van Eyck paints the portrait of the princess and the Bolognese delegation offered, among many other gifts, two white swans that inspired the painting of the ceiling of the Sala Swan.
Century 15, the 3rd decade - D. Duarte regularly attend the Palace of Sintra, especially in summer, is the author of a description of it.
1431, January 25 - Authorization for the friars of Penha Longa can acquire real estate to the value of 500 gold crown.
1432, January 15 - D. Afonso V was born in the Royal Palace of Sintra.
1436, November 14 - Master Henriques, a physicist at King Duarte gets license to found a Carmelite convent (Convento do Carmo), the site of the couple's Tower, also called a couple of Joannes Michael. That place had been built a small chapel known as the Oratory. The Master will leave the new convent was built only after his death.
1439 - In the palace is the work of master Diogo Gil pipes, which made the work of the cloister fountain pipeline of women and its fountain.
1440 - Works in the chancel and the other St. Mary's Church, at the initiative of Luis Pires, chaplain of D. Afonso V, works that were completed by Lopo da Silva.
1449 - Death of Master Henriques, being the property (Mature Tower-Convento do Carmo) taken by Goncalo Pires Boto, the provincial prosecutor.
1449, June 15 - appointment of Luis de Alverca works as a mason's Palace.
1452 - Religious Commitment to celebrate Masses for the soul of the Kings of Portugal.
1448 - Pope Nicholas V brought the then Prior of Penha Longa and confessor of King Isabella of Burgundy, Friar John of Santa Maria, the General of the monasteries of the Order of St. Jerome in Portugal, going head to this monastery of the Order.
1450 - Property (Mature Tower) enters into possession of the Convento do Carmo in Lisbon, Frei Constantine Pereira, nephew of D. Nuno Álvares Pereira, was chosen to found a new convent.
1457, July 16 - The construction works of the Carmelite convent are interrupted and the new convent is transferred to the place where it is today, known at the time as "Boca da Mata", after the donation of land by Sebastian Vaz and his wife Agnes Esteves. For the construction of the new convent of Santa Ana John Frei chop weeds, planting fruit trees and up the fence and a small oratory invocation of Santa Ana
1459 - Letter royal palace in that respect works best for convenience of the Court and the King himself that there is land.
1456 - Pope Callistus III confirmed the order of the predecessor.
1463 - Death of Fr Constantine Pereira.
1465, February 14 - Brother dies Constantine Pereira, the Carmo convent is delivered to Alvares Fernandes de Abreu, the Archbishop of Lisbon squire.
1468 - date engraved on the bell in the church of Santa Maria.
1469 - Appointment of Alvaro Gil as a carpenter's Palace, a position confirmed in 1483 by D. John II.
1469 - D. Afonso V gave the dean's Convent Xabregas, the right to present the healing of the church of San Miguel.
1470, December 17 - D. Afonso V of tenure gave the keeper of Sintra, Diogo Gomes, lands where roads to Lisbon and Cascais bifurcated, some land that came to be the genesis of the current Fifth Ramalhão.
1470 - Painting of an altarpiece of the Holy Spirit to the chapel of the Palace of Vila by Nuno Gonçalves.
1479 - Charter privilege D. Afonso V will Sintra that "... possão cut wood in the forests coutadas not cutting fruit trees."
August 1481.28 - D. Afonso V died at the Royal Palace in the same room where he was born. He was very fond of the fine arts and letters with cultivating specialty math and music. It is the first King who met him in his Palace a Bookstore.
1481 - D. Is acclaimed King John II of Portugal, in the courtyard of the Sintra Game of Pella.
1486, May 3 - is named John Carpenter's Palace Lamb.
1487 - Friar João Dias, provincial of the order gives the couple the tower, belonging to the Carmelite convent in order to obtain rents for the new convent.
1487 - King D. Duarte to allow residents of Necklaces can kill pigs and deer hunting for having excessive thick in this village and its end.
1489 - Campaign works in the Royal Palace where are placed the first Mudejar tiles, from Andalusia.
1489 - The right of presentation of the healing of the church of San Miguel Afonso V granted by, was repealed by D. John II and became the home of the Queens.
1490, July 12 - The Palace of Vila Mason João Rodrigues is named master-builder of palaces, replacing his father Martin Rodrigues, a position later confirmed by D. Manuel.
1493 - The chapel of the castle was already abandoned, the doors burst open and be constantly desecrated by Jews, it seems, the only inhabitants of the castle on the site.
1493 - D. John II there was the small Romanesque chapel dedicated to Our Lady of Penha with D. Leonor on pilgrimage to pay a vote, remaining 11 days on site.
1495-7 October - Permit el King John II in granting the residents of the village of Sintra "... by those you represent the damnos that rabbits fazião in their breads and fruits, can arm demarcated sites in rabbits and to said that with all the trappings hoping and pulling stumps and cenadoyros networks, be ... "
1497, July 29 - confirmation of appointment of John Lamb, carpenter, a master-builder of the Palace.
1497 - The Infanta D. Brites, mother of King Mrs. Manuel and the village of Colares, grants to the Carmelite convent at the mercy of not paying their "news" from the first allotment.
-3 February 1497 - Confirmation el King Manuel to a charter of King el John II made in Santarem on May 27, 1484, granting license to the residents of the town of Sintra, as was customary to make the feast of the Holy Spirit in the room called the Infants in the woods and cut all the wood to them is necessary for said party .
1497 - Confirmation of a charter of 1437 granting license to hunt deer and pigs in the mountain orchards, olive groves, orchards and groves.
1498 - The Infanta D. Brites Carmelite donates to the lands that had been requested by Friar John Valentine, vicar of the Carmelite convent.
1498 - The campaign works in Manueline palace of Vila aim to lighten the mass of the building, opening and reformulation of some gaps, and enrich your interior by applying Moorish-style tiles lining the floor and walls of several rooms; articulation the various bodies through courtyards hollow and provided with tanks and fountains; orders to Diogo Fernandes, chat sheet Lisbon, to prepare all the gold needed for the works of spaces.
1499 - D. Manuel receives the news of the arrival in India in Sintra
1500 - Reconstruction of the Trinity convent that was ruined under the patronage of King Manuel